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Dr. Lalarukh Ejaz
IBA faculty co-authored a paper on Women's informal entrepreneurship

Dr. Lalarukh Ejaz, Director Aman CED and Assistant Professor, Department of Management, School of Business Studies (SBS), is the first author of the research paper titled 'Women's informal entrepreneurship through the lens of institutional voids and institutional logics', published in the Journal of Gender, Work & Organization (ABS 3; ABCD A).


In this conceptual paper, we respond to the calls for broader theoretical approaches that can coherently demonstrate a high degree of conceptual sensitivity to multiple combinations of institutional factors influencing women's informal entrepreneurship (WIE) and related agency. We do so by integrating constructs of gender and gender inequality with those of institutional logics and institutional voids. We find that a refined understanding of institutional voids is required to pave the way for a meaningful theoretical integration and empirical application of the related conceptualizations. We offer such a revised definition by placing formal and informal logics (rather than institutions) at the heart of it. In our theorizing, we propose that gender interplaying with formal and informal institutional logics create varying degrees of obscure and unique institutional voids that shape WIE prevalence. The proposed harmonized theoretical lens provides researchers with flexible yet consistent guidance for conducting context-specific empirical work that can coherently advance understanding of underlying logics shaping WIE and related agency.

The paper can be accessed here.

Dr. Lalarukh Ejaz
Assistant Professor - Economics

Elected as an Independent Director of the Board of Directors at Bank Islami Pakistan Limited.